Cork oak
Quercus Suber L.

OTHER COMMON NAMES Cork, dwarf oak, suro (Catalan), Sufreiro (León, España), Sobreira, sovereiro and sobro (Portuguese), chêne-liège (french).
SYNONYMS Quecus Suberosa Salisb.
FAMILY Fagaceae
ORDER Fagales
SUBCLASS Hamamelidae
CLASS Magnoliopsida
DIVISION Magnoliophyta

It is an endemic tree from the West Mediterranean region. It is a strong and can reach a height of 20 m. It has a thick, erected and short trunk. It has a greyish, corky and deeply cracked bark. It has dense top and strong roots. Its leaves are perennial, 3-7 cm normally. They are simple, ovoid, and dark-green on its surface face and whitish back. Its male flowers are yellow and they are grouped on the extremes of the branches. Its female flowers appear in small groups or isolated. The tree blooms in spring and sometimes the process extends to summer and autumn. Its fruit is an acorn of 2-5 cm. It ripens in autumn and summer. The Oak cork can live 500 years. No menace.